American Express Company

American Express Company: Proxy Score 38

American Express CompanyAmerican Express Company (NYSE:AXP, $AXP) provides charge and credit payment card products and travel-related services to consumers and businesses worldwide. It is one of the stocks in my portfolio. Their annual meeting is coming up on May 2, 2016. had collected the votes of three funds when I checked. Vote AGAINST pay, committee, incentive plan, overboarded director. FOR all other items in the proxy, including shareholder proposals. I voted with the Board’s recommendations 88% of the time. View Proxy Statement.

Read Warnings below. What follows are my recommendations on how to vote the proxy in order to enhance corporate governance and long-term value.

American Express Company: ISS Rating

From Yahoo! FinanceAmerican Express Company’s ISS Governance QuickScore as of Apr 1, 2016 is 4. The pillar scores are Audit: 2; Board: 2; Shareholder Rights: 5; Compensation: 5. Brought to us by Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS). Scores range from “1” (low governance risk) to “10” (higher governance risk). Each of the pillar scores for Audit, Board, Shareholder Rights and Compensation, are based on specific company disclosures. That gives us a quick idea of where to focus: Shareholder Rights and Compensation.

American Express Company: Compensation

American Express Company’s Summary Compensation Table shows the highest paid named executive officer (NEO) was CEO/Chair K.I. Chenault at $22M. I’m using Yahoo! Finance to determine market cap ($61B) and Wikipedia’s rule of thumb regarding classification. The American Express Company is a large-cap company. According to the Equilar Top 25 Executive Compensation Survey 2015, the median CEO compensation at large-cap corporations was $10.3M in 2014, so pay is higher than that amount. American Express Company’s shares underperformed the S&P 500 over the most recent one, two, five and ten year time periods.

The MSCI GMIAnalyst report I reviewed gave American Express Company an overall grade of ‘C.’ According to the report:

  • Unvested equity awards partially or fully accelerate upon the CEO’s termination, characteristic of 89% of companies in the home market. Accelerated equity vesting allows executives to realize pay opportunities without necessarily having earned them through strong performance.
  • The company has not disclosed specific, quantifiable performance target objectives for the CEO, essential for investors to assess the rigor of incentive programs.
  • The company pays long-term incentives to executives without requiring the company to perform above the median of its peer group. Incentive plans that pay for mediocre performance undermine the linkage between pay and performance.

Similarly, Egan-Jones Proxy Services takes various measures to arrive at a proprietary rating compensation score, which measures American Express Company’s wealth creation in comparison to other widely held issuers. “Needs Attention” is the rating given. On the actual compensation advisory vote, Egan-Jones concludes:

Our qualitative review of this Company’s compensation has identified one minor issue: the CEO’s salary at $2,000,000 exceeds the $1 million dollar deducibility limit imposed by section 162m for salaries and non-qualified incentive payments. Failure to abide by IRS 162m rules results in loss of deductibility for the compensation in question and possibly increased and unnecessary tax payments. While this issue is not sufficient to trigger a negative vote alone, it does impact the Company’s overall compensation score, we would recommend the board investigate and consider alternative means of compensation for the CEO and any other 162m covered NEOs who exceed this limit in the future…

We believe that shareholders cannot support the current compensation policies put in place by the Company’s directors. Furthermore, we believe that the Company’s compensation policies and procedures are not effective or strongly aligned with the long-term interest of its shareholders. Therefore, we recommend a vote “AGAINST” this Proposal.

I voted Against the pay package and the compensation committee.

American Express Company: Accounting

I have no reason to believe the auditor has rendered an inaccurate opinion, is engaged in poor accounting practices, or has a conflict of interest — so voted to confirm.

American Express Company: Board Proposals

Egan-Jones recommended the following:

The Company earns a compensation score of “Needs Attention”, and as such, we recommend that clients “WITHHOLD” votes from the members of the Compensation Committee, namely Independent outside directors Ursula M. Burns, Peter Chernin, Samuel J. Palmisano, Robert D. Walter and Ronald A. Williams. Egan-Jones believes that the Compensation Committee should be held accountable for such a poor rating and should ensure that the Company’s compensation policies and procedures are centered on a competitive pay-for-performance culture, strongly aligned with the long-term interest of its shareholders and necessary to attract and retain experienced, highly qualified executives critical to the Company’s long-term success and the enhancement of shareholder value.

Moreover, we recommend that clients “WITHHOLD” votes from the Company’s CEO, Inside director Kenneth I. Chenault for holding more than one other public directorship. We believe that the CEO, being the most critical role in a company, should hold no more than one other public directorship to ensure the effective and prudent exercise of his fiduciary duties as a CEO and that his integrity and efficiency are not compromised.

I voted against the same directors

Egan-JonesWith regard to #4 the omnibus stock plan, Egan-Jones provides the following summary:

After taking into account the maximum amount of shareholder equity dilution this proposal could cause, as well as both the quantitative and qualitative measures outlined above, we believe that shareholders should not support the passage of this plan as proposed by the board of directors. We recommend the board seek to align CEO pay more closely with the performance of the company and work to reduce the cost of any similar plan that may be proposed in the future. Therefore, we recommend a vote “AGAINST” this Proposal.


I concur and voted Against.

American Express Company: Shareholder Proposals

Egan-Jones recommends for the shareholder proposals on written consent and to transition to an independent director but recommends against the rest.

Item #5. Prepare Employment Diversity Report. New York City Comptroller requests the Board of Directors disclose annually its EEO-1 data—a comprehensive breakdown of its workforce by race and gender according to 10 employment categories—on its website or in its corporate responsibility report, beginning in 2016. Diversity pays. Vote For.

#6, Report on Board Oversight of Privacy and Data Security and Requests for Customer Information. Shareholders request the Company publish an annual report explaining how the Board is overseeing privacy and data security risks, providing metrics and discussion, subject to existing laws and regulation, regarding requests for customer information by U.S. and foreign governments, at reasonable cost and omitting proprietary information. This would seem good for customer relations. Vote For. 

#7. Provide Right to Act by Written Consent. This is a good governance measure designed, proposed by my wife, to reduce entrenchment. Allowing special meetings is associated with higher share values. See classic study by Gompers, Paul A. and Ishii, Joy L. and Metrick, Andrew, Corporate Governance and Equity Prices. Vote For. 

#8. Report on Lobbying Payments and Policy. I generally vote in favor of all such proposals if they are well crafted.  We should encourage transparency and accountability in the company’s use of corporate funds to influence legislation and regulations to ensure company assets are not used for objectives contrary to the Company’s long-term interests.  Proponent is Walden Asset Management with solid reputation. Vote For.

#9. Require Independent Board Chairman. A 2012 report by GMIRatings, The Costs of a Combined Chair/CEO, found companies with an independent chair provide investors with five-year shareholder returns nearly 28 percent higher than those headed by a party of one. Split roles bring more accountability and oversight to the CEO’s job and frees the board to truly act as the CEO’s boss. Proposed by Kenneth Steiner. Vote For.

Proxy Insight

American Express Company: CorpGov Recommendations Below – Votes Against Board Position in Bold

In addition to the votes reported on ProxyDemocracy.orgProxy Insight reported on Teacher Retirement System of Texas (TRS) and Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB). I inserted their votes below.

American Express Company: CorpGov Recommendations Below – Votes Against Board Position in Bold

1aElect Director Charlene BarshefskyForForForForFor
1bElect Director Ursula M. BurnsAgainstForForAgainstFor
1cElect Director Kenneth I. ChenaultAgainstForForAgainstFor
1dElect Director Peter CherninAgainstForForForFor
1eElect Director Ralph de la VegaForForForForFor
1fElect Director Anne L. LauvergeonForForForForFor
1gElect Director Michael O. LeavittForForForForFor
1hElect Director Theodore J. LeonsisForForForForFor
1iElect Director Richard C. LevinForForForForFor
1jElect Director Samuel J. PalmisanoAgainstForForForFor
1kElect Director Daniel L. VasellaForForForForFor
1lElect Director Robert D. WalterAgainstForForForFor
1mElect Director Ronald A. WilliamsAgainstForForForFor
2Ratify PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as AuditorsForForForForAgainst
3Ratify Named Executive Officers’ CompensationAgainstAgainst/ForAgainstAgainstAgainst
4Approve Omnibus Stock PlanAgainstForForAgainstFor
5Prepare Employment Diversity ReportForForForForFor
6Report on Board Oversight of Privacy and Data Security and Requests for Customer InformationForForForForFor
7Provide Right to Act by Written ConsentForForForForFor
8Report on Lobbying Payments and PolicyForAgainst/AgainstForForFor
9Require Independent Board ChairmanForForForForFor

American Express Company: Issues for Future Proposals

Looking at for provisions unfriendly to shareowners:

  • Unanimous written consent (default New York state statute).
  • Special meetings can only be called by shareholders holding not less than 25% of the voting power determined to be Net Long Shares.
  • No proxy access.

American Express Company: Mark Your Calendar

To be considered for inclusion in next year’s proxy statement, any shareholder proposals submitted in accordance with SEC Rule 14a-8 must be received by our Secretary at our principal executive offices no later than November 22, 2016. Any such proposals must comply with all of the requirements of SEC Rule 14a-8.


Be sure to vote each item on the proxy. Any items left blank are voted in favor of management’s recommendations. (See Broken Windows & Proxy Vote Rigging – Both Invite More Serious Crime).I generally vote against pay packages where NEOs were paid above median in the previous year but make exceptions if warranted. According to Bebchuk, Lucian A. and Grinstein, Yaniv (The Growth of Executive Pay), aggregate compensation by public companies to NEOs increased from 5 percent of earnings in 1993-1995 to about 10 percent in 2001-2003.

Few firms admit to having average executives. They generally set compensation at above average for their “peer group,” which is often chosen aspirationally. While the “Lake Woebegone effect” may be nice in fictional towns, “where all the children are above average,” it doesn’t work well for society to have all CEOs considered above average, with their collective pay spiraling out of control. We need to slow the pace of money going to the 1% if our economy is not to become third world. The rationale for peer group benchmarking is a mythological market for CEOs.

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