Three years have passed since the collapse of the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh resulting in over 1,100 garment workers killed and 2,600 injured. This massive tragedy drew attention to the systemic human rights abuses in the garment sector, as well as the failure of the Bangladesh government and corporate compliance programs to create safe and healthy workplaces that respect and protect the lives of workers.
Rana Plaza: Accord
As an immediate response following the April 2013 Rana Plaza crisis in Bangladesh, over 200 global institutional investors representing over $3.1 trillion in assets under management appealed to companies to: join the Accord on Fire and Building Safety that includes trade unions, companies and non-governmental organizations; commit to strengthening local trade unions and ensuring a living wage for all workers; publicly disclose all their suppliers including those from Bangladesh, and; ensure that appropriate grievance mechanisms and effective remedies, including compensation, are in place for affected workers and families.
Some positive steps have been taken. An unprecedented number of global brands and retailers have collaborated to address the immediate and short-term threats to worker safety in the garment sector.
- International Collaboration: Over 200 companies from 20 countries joined the Accord on Fire and Building Safety, a binding agreement where trade unions and companies participate in the governance structure as equal partners.
- Factory Inspections/Remediation: The Accord has completed more than 1,600 inspections and the Alliance for Worker Safety, a separate initiative formed by U.S. companies, has completed about 650 inspections. The Accord has posted detailed inspection reports on issues found in factory inspections and the status of corrective action plans.
- Remedy: Non-governmental organizations and investors advocated for companies to contribute to the Rana Plaza Donors Trust Fund and a number of companies made significant contributions to meet the goal of $30 million to compensate victims and their families for medical care and lost wages.
While expert inspections have identified thousands of issues, the vast majority of corrective action plans are far behind schedule. The lack of speedy remediation may in part be the result of a lack of financing.
Rana Plaza: Changes in Law
Bangladesh labor law requires the establishment of worker/management Safety Committees in each garment factory. The government delayed issuing the rules and procedures for the formation of the Safety Committees. Now that the rules have been made public, we are concerned that the Worker Participation Committees (WPC), often controlled by factory management, will appoint worker representatives to the Safety Committees, rather than holding democratic elections. This would undermine the credibility of these committees to independently identify and address threats to worker safety. When properly established, the Safety Committees can be an effective institutional mechanism to detect and prevent safety issues from jeopardizing the health and safety of workers, avoiding another Rana Plaza.
Rana Plaza: Additional Actions Needed
In spite of this collective action and substantial investment in changing the garment sector after the Rana Plaza disaster, we, the undersigned investors, are concerned by the lack of significant progress in addressing persistent systemic issues which continue to not only put workers at risk, but also pose material, financial and reputational risk for companies and their investors. Much still needs to be accomplished in the remaining two years of the 5-year commitment, and increased transparency is critical for investors to better understand and assess what level of progress is being made at the factory level.
Therefore, we call on companies to:
- Commit sufficient financial resources and provide commercial terms that enable factories to complete remediation, and to report on the nature and amount of financial support.
- Use their leverage with factories where they source to create an environment conducive for the establishment of effective, proactive, independent Safety Committees.
- Publicly disclose their supplier factories and sub-contractors, starting in Bangladesh.
Lastly, we call on companies, the Accord, and the Alliance to commit beyond 2018 to complete the remediation process; work with other stakeholders to support a living wage for garment workers; and create an environment where workers are able to exercise their internationally recognized rights to freely associate and bargain collectively. It is our hope that collaborative action will lead to the transformation of the Bangladesh garment sector and serve as a successful model to replicate in other markets and sectors.
Total number of investor signatories: 139; Total AUM: over $3.1 trillion USD.
Signatories at Bangladesh Apparel Workers Still at Risk, Investors Say