MMM – 3M Co: Proxy Score 53

MMM 3M3M Co (NYSE:MMM, $MMM) operates as a diversified technology company worldwide. It is one of the stocks in my portfolio and I have a proposal on ‘special meetings’ up for a vote. The annual meeting is coming up on May 10, 2016. had collected the votes of two fund families when I checked. Vote AGAINST pay, compensation committee, sock plan. FOR proposal to lower the threshold to call a special meeting and to remove share buybacks from the calculations determining CEO pay. I voted with the Board’s recommendations 53% of the time. View Proxy Statement.

Read Warnings below. What follows are my recommendations on how to vote the proxy in order to enhance corporate governance and long-term value.

MMM: ISS Rating

From Yahoo! Finance3M Company’s ISS Governance QuickScore as of Apr 1, 2016 is 1. The pillar scores are Audit: 1; Board: 2; Shareholder Rights: 3; Compensation: 1. Brought to us by Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS). Scores range from “1” (low governance risk) to “10” (higher governance risk). Each of the pillar scores for Audit, Board, Shareholder Rights and Compensation, are based on specific company disclosures. That gives us a quick idea of where to focus: Shareholder Rights.

MMM: Compensation

MMM’s Summary Compensation Table shows the highest paid named executive officer (NEO) was CEO/Chair Inge G. Thulin at $19.4M. I’m using Yahoo! Finance to determine market cap ($133B) and Wikipedia’s rule of thumb regarding classification. Gilead Sciences, Inc is a large-cap company. According to the Equilar Top 25 Executive Compensation Survey 2015, the median CEO compensation at large-cap corporations was $10.3M in 2014, so pay was considerably higher than that amount. MMM’s shares outperformed the S&P 500 over the most recent one, two, five and ten year time periods.

The MSCI GMIAnalyst report I reviewed gave MMM an overall grade of ‘C.’ According to the report:

  • Unvested equity awards partially or fully accelerate upon the CEO’s termination, characteristic of 89% of companies in the home market. Accelerated equity vesting allows executives to realize pay opportunities without necessarily having earned them through strong performance.
  • The company has not disclosed specific, quantifiable performance target objectives for the CEO, essential for investors to assess the rigor of incentive programs.
  • The company pays long-term incentives to executives without requiring the company to perform above the median of its peer group. Incentive plans that pay for mediocre performance undermine the linkage between pay and performance.
  • The CEO’s total summary pay for the last reported period was more than three times the median pay for the company’s other named executive officers. Such disparity in pay raises concerns regarding the company’s succession planning process and the distribution of responsibilities among the executive management team.

Similarly, Egan-Jones Proxy Services takes various measures to arrive at a proprietary rating compensation score, which measures American Express Company’s wealth creation in comparison to other widely held issuers. “Good” is the rating given. On the actual compensation advisory vote, Egan-Jones concludes:

Our qualitative review of this Company’s compensation has identified one minor issue: the CEO’s salary at $1,448,153  exceeds the $1 million dollar deducibility limit imposed by section 162m for salaries and non-qualified incentive payments. Failure to abide by IRS 162m rules results in loss of deductibility for the compensation in question and possibly increased and unnecessary tax payments. While this issue is not sufficient to trigger a negative vote alone, it does impact the Company’s overall compensation score, we would recommend the board investigate and consider alternative means of compensation for the CEO and any other 162m covered NEOs who exceed this limit in the future…Egan-Jones

We believe that the Company’s compensation policies and procedures are centered on a competitive pay-for-performance culture, strongly aligned with the long-term interest of its shareholders and necessary to attract and retain experienced, highly qualified executives critical to the Company’s long-term success and the enhancement of shareholder value. Therefore, we recommend a vote “FOR” this Proposal.

On the Long-Term Incentive Plan, EJ writes:

Egan-Jones does not include granted but unexercised shares in its dilution calculation since these options are already held by grantees and often can be exercised at any time including prior to the publication of this report.

Taking into account the maximum amount of effective dilution this proposal could cause, as well as both the quantitative and qualitative measures outlined above, we believe that shareholders should support the passage of this plan as proposed by the board of directors. Furthermore, we believe that the Company’s compensation policies and procedures are centered on a competitive pay-for-performance culture, strongly aligned with the long-term interest of its shareholders and necessary to attract and retain experienced, highly qualified executives critical to the Company’s long-term success and the enhancement of shareholder value. Therefore, we recommend a vote “FOR” this Proposal.

If you do count the unexercised shares, MMM shares would be diluted over 10%.

Given the issues above, especially pay over median, I voted Against the pay package, incentive plan and the compensation committee: Michael L. Eskew, Chair, Vance D. Coffman, Edward M. Liddy, Robert J. Ulrich.

MMM: Accounting

I have no reason to believe the auditor has rendered an inaccurate opinion, is engaged in poor accounting practices, or has a conflict of interest — so voted to confirm.

MMM: Board Proposals

As mentioned above, I voted against the pay package, incentive plan and the compensation committee. I’m also concerned that Patricia Woertz owns no shares in MMM. She’s been on the board for less than a year. I’m not sure that is much of an excuse… but will vote against her next year if she still owns no shares.

MMM: Shareholder Proposals

Of course, I voted in favor of my proposal #5 to allow shareholders with 15% of the common stock in MMM to call a special meeting. That right is currently set at 25%, which many shareholders believe is excessive. At MMM, that’s over $25B in shares. Mainstream funds, such as SSgA and Vanguard, which together own over 14%, have never called for a special meeting as far as I know. Norges Bank and US Bancorp have the most shares among funds that are more likely to call for such a meeting — 2% of all shares, so getting to 15% would still require significant effort by shareholders and would be likely only under severe circumstances. Vote FOR.

Proposal #6 requests that when determining vesting of senior compensation, the impact of share repurchases be deducted. I think this is a great idea and would go far in helping MMM management decide the value of such repurchases without a conflict of interest. As Domini points out in their supporting statement:

Our Company spent $5.7 billion on share buybacks in 2014, but only $1.8 billion on research and development, and $1.5 billion on capital expenditures. Our Company’s Chairman, CEO and President, Inge Thulin received $20.1 million in total compensation in 2014, including $4.7 million in performance shares. The performance goal for these awards includes earnings per share growth, a financial ratio that can be inflated by stock buybacks.

Proxy Insight

It is also important to note that good ideas generally spread from companies with relatively good corporate governance practices, like MMM, to companies with relatively bad corporate governance. It will be a lot easier to get companies with bad corporate governance to adopt such measures if companies like MMM have already done so.

MMM: CorpGov Recommendations Below – Votes Against Board Position in Bold

In addition to the votes reported on ProxyDemocracy.orgProxy Insight reported on Texas Teachers (TRS) and Australia’s Local Government Super, which I have included below.

1aElect Director Sondra L. BarbourForForForFor
1bElect Director Thomas ‘Tony’ K. BrownForForForFor
1cElect Director Vance D. CoffmanAgainstForForFor
1dElect Director David B. DillonForForForFor
1eElect Director Michael L. EskewAgainstForForFor
1fElect Director Herbert L. HenkelForForForFor
1gElect Director Muhtar KentForForForFor
1hElect Director Edward M. LiddyAgainstForForFor
1iElect Director Gregory R. PageForForForFor
1jElect Director Inge G. ThulinForAgainstForFor
1kElect Director Robert J. UlrichAgainstForForFor
1lElect Director Patricia A. WoertzForForForFor
2Ratify PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP as AuditorsForForForFor
3Ratify Named Executive Officers’ CompensationAgainstAgainstAgainstFor
4Approve Omnibus Stock PlanAgainstAgainstAgainstFor
5Shareholders May Call Special MeetingForForForFor
6Exclude Impact of Stock Buybacks on CEO PayForForAgainstAgainst

MMM: Issues for Future Proposals

Looking at for provisions unfriendly to shareowners:

  • No action can be taken without a meeting by written consent.
  • Special meetings can only be called by shareholders holding not less than 25% of the voting power.
  • Proxy access ‘lite’ provision whereby a shareholder or group of no more than 20 stockholders holding at least 3% of the outstanding common stock continuously for at least three (3) years may nominate directors constituting up to the greater of two directors or 20% of the board.

MMM: Mark Your Calendar

In order for a stockholder proposal to be considered for inclusion in 3M’s Proxy Statement for next year’s Annual Meeting, our Corporate Secretary must receive the proposal by November 23, 2016. Such proposals must be sent via registered, certified, or express mail (or other means that allows the stockholder to determine when the proposal was received by the Company) to: Gregg M. Larson, Vice President, Deputy General Counsel and Secretary, 3M Company, 3M Center, Building 220-14W-06, St. Paul, MN 55144-1000. Such proposals must comply with the Securities and Exchange Commission’s regulations regarding the inclusion of stockholder proposals in Company sponsored proxy materials, such as the stockholder continuing to own a minimum number of shares until the Annual Meeting and appearing in person or through an authorized representative at the meeting to present the proposal.


Be sure to vote each item on the proxy. Any items left blank are voted in favor of management’s recommendations. (See Broken Windows & Proxy Vote Rigging – Both Invite More Serious Crime).I generally vote against pay packages where NEOs were paid above median in the previous year but make exceptions if warranted. According to Bebchuk, Lucian A. and Grinstein, Yaniv (The Growth of Executive Pay), aggregate compensation by public companies to NEOs increased from 5 percent of earnings in 1993-1995 to about 10 percent in 2001-2003.

Few firms admit to having average executives. They generally set compensation at above average for their “peer group,” which is often chosen aspirationally. While the “Lake Woebegone effect” may be nice in fictional towns, “where all the children are above average,” it doesn’t work well for society to have all CEOs considered above average, with their collective pay spiraling out of control. We need to slow the pace of money going to the 1% if our economy is not to become third world. The rationale for peer group benchmarking is a mythological market for CEOs.

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